Moral Relativism And Moral Values Essay

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In this paper I will argue that moral relativism does undermine moral confidence and this is a benefit of the theory. The theory of relativism holds the beliefs that: moral truth is not out in the world waiting to be discovered, it is not universal, and that it is a product of history and culture. In turn morals in the theory of relativism are socially constructed ideals only holding value as long as they are part of a culture. The view that morals are only valuable within a cultural context is acceptable as there would be no moral value without culture. A similar example of this can be seen with the use of currency in cultures. The items used as currency within different cultures only have value because people within that culture have decided to assignment a value to them; thus, if the culture were to no longer exist that currency would no longer have value. To differentiate relativism from subjectivism one should understand that relativism does allow for criticism of moral values and operates under the idea that for a system to be moral it must function to serve humanity and resolve conflicts.

Relativism causes people to undermine moral confidence which promotes tolerance. If morals are only true in the cultural context they are found in then individuals have no need to strongly defend those morals. People only face the obligation to be moral in accordance to their cultural norms as long as these systems serve the people. Viewing morals as nothing more than cultural…

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