Metabolic Syndrome And Its Effects On The People With Severe Mental Illness

1793 Words Jun 7th, 2016 8 Pages
People with severe mental health conditions have increased rates of premature deaths and reduced life span compared to the general population. Studies clearly indicated that the life expectancy of New Zealanders with severe mental illness (SMI) and addictions has considerably reduced by up to twenty-five years compared to the general population (Newcomer, 2007). Research clearly highlighted that cardio-metabolic factors have an enormous impact in contributing to a significant increase in mortality rates among these service users (SU) with SMI. Furthermore, studies pointed out that metabolic syndrome is one of the causative factors attributing to cardiovascular risk in this population group (Galletly et al., 2012). Metabolic syndrome is defined as the combination of metabolic deformities associated with the following characteristic features such as raised blood pressure, central obesity, raised fasting blood glucose levels, and raised triglycerides (Flynn et al., 2015). Even though atypical or Second-Generation Antipsychotics (SGAs) are efficient in treating schizophrenia and other mental disorders, research clearly points out that their use could also increase the risk of developing metabolic syndrome in people with SMI ( Pramyothin & Khaodhiar, 2010).
In the following essay, firstly I will talk about SGAs and their wanted and unwanted effects and I will also include the development of risk factors which contribute to metabolic syndrome. Secondly, I will discuss critically…

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