Memory, Thinking, and Intelligence Essay

784 Words Nov 13th, 2010 4 Pages
Memory, Thinking, and Intelligence
Amy McKenzie Winkle
November 7, 2010
Psychology – Mr. Hacker
Week 4 Individual Project

The human memory is a very complex phenomenon. The memory is considered to be a cognitive neuroscience. It is made up of four parts: sensory, short term, working, and long term. Many factors impede or enhance the information flow throughout each step of the process. I will also explain proactive and retroactive interference in this essay. Finally, I will give you some strategies for improving your memory. The memory process begins when the stimuli receives a sensation. The sensation may come from any of the senses such as sight, smell, sound, or texture. This step is known as the sensory memory. Your body is
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The memory has three stages for processing information: encoding, storage, and retrieval. Encoding is the first step where the information is received. It is coded or translated into neural impulses which are the “language” which the brain can interpret. The information is also grouped and organized during this step to prepare it for storage. The second stage is storage. The neural impulses are stored in the proper place for the necessary time frame. Retrieval is the final step. It is just as it says. When a memory needs to be recalled a cue is sent. Memories are organized for quick retrieval and it is sent back to the working memory and is used. Proactive interference occurs when an older memory blocks a newer memory. Retroactive interference is just the opposite; a newer memory prevents an older memory from coming through. Proactive often occurs in a situation such as placing your keys or purse in the same place every day. If you change the location you will find yourself returning to the original location to retrieve your items. Proactive can happen when you’re shopping and you have your mind set on an item. If you stop and look at another item you often forget what the other item was. There are two categories of long term memory: explicit and implicit. Explicit memories include things like birthdays, social security numbers, and passwords. Facts or general information are also explicit and are considered semantic. Semantic are things

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