Max Weber's Theory In Modern Society

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Max Weber is one of the most recognizable names in the subject of sociology. He is one of three canon theorists and stands alongside Karl Marx and Emile Durkheim. While many people consider the theoretical work of Emile Durkheim and Karl Marx to be outdated and not fitting in today’s time, Weber’s theory is perhaps closest to the societal structure that we have in our contemporary society. Max Weber had variety of interests. He was proficient in history, religion, economics, politics and sociology. Max Weber’s most famous work, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism is his perhaps most accurate and detailed account on the historical growth and relation of capitalism with religion. He traced back the spirit of capitalism to the roots …show more content…
He continued to explain, in detail, the structural hierarchy of the iron cage and how it’s becoming stronger in our society. Weber’s work and understanding of the society enables us to relate his work in today’s society and its operations.

The term ‘iron cage’ and its analysis earned Max Weber respect and critique at the same time. Max weber was unsure about the coming modern of capitalism and viewed it with trepidation. In this essay we will try to answer the following question: Do Weber’s distinguished sociological writings assist Americans today, at the dawn of twenty-first century, to understand their own society and, in particular it political structure? In order to answer the question, we need to explore the historical perspective on the Protestant ethic presented by Max Weber in his book, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. Calvinism gave birth to the spirit of capitalism. Working was considered as a virtue, and unlike Catholic teachings, Calvinism allowed its members to collect interest on loans. This alone spurred an economic activity within the group. The members were encouraged to learn and bring their own
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Weber’s analysis of modernity was far away from the many social Darwinist theorists who saw and termed industrial age as progress. They saw it as a stepping stone for our civilization towards becoming an advanced civilization. Weber also differentiated himself from the theorists of democracy, who defined the industrialized world in terms of broad and deep civic realm. If he were alive and were to confront the modernization theorists, he would deeply disagree with their notion of capitalism bringing forth

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