Essay on Mao Zedong Of The Communist Party Of China

1472 Words Feb 4th, 2015 null Page
To this day, Mao Zedong remains the most potent figure in the public imagination of the People’s Republic of China. Mao was a founding member of the Communist Party of China (CPC), the ideological progenitor of Chinese socialism, a commander in the war of resistance against Japan, the revolutionary leader of the People’s Republic of China, and its longest serving leader. Even in the years after his death, from 1976 to 1991, Mao was used to frame the ensuing power struggle for leadership of China, Chinese foreign relations, ideology concerning domestic policy, perspectives of dissent, and the legitimacy of the CPC. Mao’s death left a power vacuum that yielded a struggle amongst Hua Guofeng, the Gang of Four, and Deng Xiaoping, in which Mao’s instructions for succession played a key part in the framing of power and legitimacy. Both Chinese foreign policy and the international perception of China heavily depended upon Mao’s foreign policy and domestic political legacy. Moreover, the legitimacy of the Communist Party remained intertwined with Mao, which led Deng to repudiate Mao in his efforts to modernize China. The transformation of Mao from a positive to a negative figure led to his use as a symbol of chaos by the Chinese leadership and one of oppression by dissidents. Ultimately, the unrest culminating in the June 4th incident led to party to re-examine Mao and rehabilitate him as a tool for fostering internal stability. In the initial period after his death, Mao’s…

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