Mali Empire

1061 Words 5 Pages
Introduction
The empire of Mali was formed in the year of 1230 in Mali. The empire was formed by a man named Sundiata Keita, also known as ‘lion king’, and had many other leaders after his death. The most popular ruler was Mansa Musa, because of his extreme wealth and introducing Islam into the empire. The empire lost power in the 14 hundreds,after the death of Musa, but totally fell apart and ended in the year of 1600 lasting 370 years, the lack of leadership after his death was the main reason it ended.

Thesis Statement
The Mali empire was the most dominate forces in Africa because of the strong leadership, which gave them access to a strong military, great organization, and a strong economy.

Rise and Expansion
After Sundiata Keita formed
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“The mansa reserved the exclusive right to dispense justice and to tax both local and international trade … Mali prospered from taxes collected from its citizens, and all goods brought in and out of the Empire were heavily taxed while all gold nuggets belonged to the King.” (David) The mansa was a very clear dictatorial figure as he expended justice through his own martial law system, and he held higher authority than any judicial court. The mansa also decided on tax policies and how the citizens would contribute, and he also went as far as taxing trade. This created a money driven society and made Mansa Musa the richest man in the world, and generate obscene amounts of revenue from its people and from other trade partners. Through Mali’s dictatorial structure and heavy emphasis on taxation within its society, the empire gained enormous amounts of …show more content…
“ the Emperor gave out so much gold that he generated a brief decline in its value … the architect Ishaq El Teudjin who introduced advanced building techniques to Mali. He designed numerous buildings for the Emperor … The awareness of Musa by other Islamic leaders brought increased commerce … For the next two centuries Italian, German, and Spanish cartographers produced maps of the world which showed Mali and which often referenced Mansa Musa.” (Tesfu). Mansa Musa’s pilgrimage to Mecca carried global resonance, and it brought with it many revolutions, changes and architecture. The generous mansa distributed lots of gold in a charitable fashion, therefore inflating its price for almost a decade, and the mansa also found architects on the way which created iconic landmarks within the empire and inspire modern architecture to this day. Word of the mansa’s travels reached Europe, which this resulted in increased intercontinental commerce and awareness between globally distant nations, but it didn’t only affect trade, rather it also affected the very cartography of the world and drastically affected the way that European cartographers fashioned their maps. Mansa Musa’s pilgrimage to Mecca revolutionised the world and its resounding effects altered trade, cartography, architecture and economy.

Conclusion
Although the Mali empire had fallen due to internal

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