The Autobiography Of Malcolm X Book Review

Improved Essays
Jersey Village High School/Lonestar College

The Autobiography of Malcom X Book Review

Megan Diese
Ms. Branch
U.S. History DC pd.2
3 May 2016 Malcolm X’s fight for black equality has been documented in his autobiography. This story of his life is presented through his first person narrative which only adds to his already strong voice. While growing up Malcolm learned a plethora of life lessons which he tried to spread up until his assassination. The Autobiography of Malcolm X shows through many themes, motifs, and symbols that importance of creating a world in which everyone is equal.
Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little in Omaha, Nebraska. During this time, the Midwest was full of violence and discrimination. Malcolm’s
…show more content…
In prison, Malcolm decided to transform himself by converting to an Islamic religion promoted by the Nation of Islam, which had already converted a number of Malcolm’s siblings. Inspired by the newfound faith, Malcolm stops using drugs; he prays, reads voraciously, studies Latin and English, and joins the debate team in prison. The prison later released Malcolm on parole. Malcolm became very active in the Detroit temple of the Nation of Islam after moving in with his brother Wilfred Malcolm. He received permission to drop his last name, which a white slave owner gave to one of his ancestors. He adopts the “X” as his last name, using the letter to represent his African Ancestors lost names. Malcolm X soon begins meeting with Elijah Muhammad, the Nation of Islam’s leader and starts rising quickly to the Nation’s first national minister from the rank of temple assistant in Detroit. Malcolm X become known throughout the United States as an advocate militancy and black equality. Soon after his rise in popularity, The Nation of Islam’s leaders began to resent and fear him despite his allegiance to their cause and they decide to suspend him from the organization. The …show more content…
Malcolm emphasizes how discrimination against blacks dehumanizes them. All of the white people surrounding Malcolm view him as less than human, and Malcolm’s need to change this opinion pushes him in his fight for racial equality. He experienced indirect racism in his younger years by his family and his school, who treated him in a different way from the other children because he is black. Although some of the people he encounters in school and his foster parents are nice to him, Malcolm still thinks these people only treat him respectfully to show how tolerant they all are. Malcolm then degrades many white people to serve as revenge for his own suppression. When he is in Boston, he exhibits his white girlfriend, Sophia, as a status symbol by seeing her as a desirable object that he owns. After many years of anti–white campaigning in the Nation of Islam, Malcolm encounters white-skinned people in Mecca who, in fact, treat him as an equal. Thus, he begins acknowledging the humanity of the

Related Documents

  • Superior Essays

    Elijah Muhammad needed ministers for his growing nation, so Malcolm X quits his job at the Ford Motor Company and begins training. Elijah Muhammad sends Malcom to Boston when he felt that he was ready to build a temple there. Malcolm visits his old hustlers to bring them into the temple to change their lives. Malcolm travels to Philadelphia where he and his followers develop techniques to bring in blacks. The relationship begins to worsen between Malcolm and the Nation of Islam after President John F. Kennedy is assassinated.…

    • 1083 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    In 1950, he wrote a letter to President Truman expressing opposition about the Korean War and declaring himself a communist. The FBI even viewed this letter. Later that year, he dropped his last name and replaced it with “X”, stating that “replaced the white slave master name” and the Muslims “X” symbolized the true African family name that he could never know. He kept reading and developing in prison until August of 1952 when he paroled. Malcolm was dedicated to spread the word of the Nation of Islam to people all over the world after his release.…

    • 1803 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Malcolm X specifically comes to this conclusion once he starts to learn about Islam. During his time in the Norfolk Prison Colony, Malcolm X learns through his family members that Islam is the “natural religion for the black man” (158). As Malcolm X takes up Islam, he starts to focus on spreading the religion to other black inmates. When he teaches Mr. Muhammad’s lessons to the black inmates, Malcolm X would “keep close watch on how each one reacted” (186). He continues by saying, “I never knew when some brainwashed black imp... would nod at me and then go running to tell the white man.…

    • 1915 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    During his life, Malcolm has many attitudes toward his identity, mainly the significates of his color. Alex Haley wrote this work based on his interviews with Malcolm X. Malcolm tells his life story while he is in the last years of his life. Malcolm alternates between the events of his life. Malcolm struggles against both the racism of white American and the other problems and issues of various civil rights organizations. “After rising to fame as a fiery Muslim minister, Malcolm leaves the Nation of Islam to discover a more tolerant and global worldview.…

    • 599 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Now focused on changing both himself and society, he read the encyclopedia, studied continuously, and followed the code of the Nation of Islam strictly. It was in prison where he took on the name Malcolm X when he was convicted of theft in 1946. . Captured for theft in February 1946, he was sentenced to jail for seven years. While in jail, He enhanced his poor learning by perusing a reference book and concentrated on a lot of books and the Koran and took after entirely the Nation of Islam 's dietary laws and good codes. After his parole in 1952, Malcolm X attempted hierarchical work for the "Country of Islam" under the direction of Elijah Muhammad.…

    • 1408 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Martin Luther King was not looking for a dispute, but rather a friendly agreement. On the contrary, Malcolm X, filled with resent for the white American and the unjust treatment African Americans received, used an indignant tone. He bluntly called out the oppression of whites by saying, “have the racists in it [the American government] exposed and condemned as the criminals that they are” (Malcolm X 305). The discrimination exasperated Malcolm X and he impatiently awaited a drastic change in America. He used the enraged energy he felt to empower his fellow African Americans to stand up for their rights.…

    • 1463 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Malcolm X Historiography

    • 1282 Words
    • 6 Pages

    After violence began to break out in ghettos, many negroes felt that the negro man and the white man should live separate, unconnected lives in isolated societies. Over time though, Malcolm’s attitude towards the white man began to slowly neutralize. He began speaking on college campuses and discovered that many educated whites felt sympathy for the difficulties of life as a negro and wanted to help. However due to his increasing popularity a rift grew between him and Elijah Muhammad and he ultimately separated from the…

    • 1282 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    One of his popular quotes is “White is evil; non-white is good.” When the Nation of Islam was criticized for their hatred towards the whites he responded by saying that the Black Muslim movement is “the hate that hate produced” (Lincoln xxi). This means that the movement was created because of the hatred the whites showed the African Americans for many years and now it was the their turn to stand up for their rights and takedown anyone that came in their way. Elijah Muhammad’s most popular protege was Malcolm X. Even though Malcolm was mixed with white and black, he still faced many racial problems. He grew to hate white people because of the way they treated African Americans.…

    • 1046 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Malcolm went from a man who did not believe it was possible to integrate races in America and believed in black separatism, to later becoming a man who ultimately wanted for all people to live peace with one another. As a young child, Malcolm experienced racial inequality. He remembered scenes of horror from his childhood in which white men treated his family…

    • 1041 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    In prison, Malcolm got a letter from his half brother Philbert that would influence his life in a completely different way. Marable states that in the letter Philbert claimed that “he and other family members had all converted to Islam.” (Marable 75) Philbert told his brother that the Nation of Islam was a program to help black people and advised him to stop smoking and eating pork. Malcolm was confused but did follow his brother’s suggestions. Marable continues, “For Malcolm, the lure was more secular: Nation of Islam held out the possibility of finding self-respect and even dignity as a black man. This was a faith that said blacks had nothing for which to be ashamed or apologetic.” (Marable 78) Malcolm X knows that in the United States there is inequality for African Americans.…

    • 1986 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Superior Essays