Major Differences In Ancient Civilizations

730 Words 3 Pages
Complex Societies

The ancient complex societies of Egypt, Mesopotamia, and Harappa had a lot of things

in common as well as some differences in their civilizations. Today we classified all these

civilizations as complex because of their sizes, the density of their population and their

government systems. But back then these civilizations had some interesting facts in common for

example, the three of these civilizations developed around rivers, since they live so near to rivers

their societies became so dependent to rivers, and also the three of these population were going

thru the process of growing all at the same time. On the other hand, these civilizations shared

some dissimilarities as well like, different religions, different
…show more content…
Egypt, Mesopotamia

and Harappa, is that all of these three civilizations developed around rivers, to be specific in the

river valleys in the Great Arid Zone. According to our book “The Tigris-Euphrates River valley

is the earliest place where a complex society appeared, this been “Mesopotamia”, in the area of

what is now Iraq and Eastern Syria” (Dunn and Mitchell, 58-59). Egypt developed around the Nile River, the dried climate of northern Africa, made people moved to a much cooler and

comfortable climate, for this reason they decided to move into the valley, were water was not an

issue anymore. “The Egyptian Nile, originated in the tropical highlands of East Africa Ethiopia”

(Dunn and Mitchell, 66-67). In comparison with the civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt, it

took a few more centuries for the Harappa society to be established, but as well as the other two

societies it emerged near rivers. In the case of the Harappa, they mainly inhabit along the Indus

River. Since the three of these complex civilizations settled around rivers, it was clear that the

rivers were going to play a major role on their
…show more content…
For the Mesopotamians, population growth and their land been too dry to

support farming made them migrate to The Tigris-Euphrates River valley were it was easier for

them to farm. As well as the Mesopotamians, the increasing growth of population made the

Harappa society settled in the Indus River where they began to farm sorghum and pearl millet.

Those are just a few of the similarities these great civilizations once shared. In the same way, these complex civilizations had some common similarities as well, one

been religion. The Egyptians were ruled by strong leaders know today as pharaohs, many

Egyptians saw them as gods. The rulers of Mesopotamia on the other hand, proclaimed

themselves agents of the gods. According to our book, “The material ruins of Indus society have

left no trace of kings, queens, or sprawling palaces” (Dunn and Mitchell, 71-72)This means that

still today there is not a clear sign of any kind of government or ruler in the Harappa society. All

of these three civilizations had a different form of government as well. Mesopotamian cities were

ruled by an empire, Egypt dense villages were ruled by a unified kingdom and lastly the

Related Documents