Locke's Views Of Personal Identity In Thomas Locke And John Hobbes

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According to Locke, a person is a thinking intelligent being that is able to reason and reflect and consider himself/herself. He also suggests that personal identity simply is “the sameness of a rational being” and because of that, so long as one is the same self, the same rational being, that one will has the same personal identity. The view can be understand as follow: if a person (a) existing at a specific time (t) and another person (b) existing at some later time (t+), they are the same person if and only if they share the same consciousness. What mean by that is even though y is existing at later time, y still able to remember ( or according to Locke, “repeat the idea of”) elements from the consciousness of x.
In Thomas Raid example
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He continues to support it by saying that there is no differences between the state of war and state of nature because in order to survive, people have to be ready to fight in both the environment. In Leviathan, he said that life is “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short” and every person has a natural right to do whatever It takes to preserve their own lives. While Hobbes ' view is pessimistic, it is fairly accurate. Hobbes talks like a rationalist, who believe that the world is anarchy and that humanity is constantly trying to avoid war.
Hobbes’s first three laws of nature are:
1. “that every man, ought to endeavor peace, as far as he has hope of obtaining it” (Lev. Ch.14, par.4)
2. “that a man be willing, when others are so too, as far-forth, as for peace, and defence of himself he shall think it necessary, to lay down this right to all things; and be contented with so much liberty against other men, as he would allow other men against himself.” (Lev. Ch.14, par.5)
3. “that men perform their covenants made” (Lev. Ch.15,
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Later on, he argued that final end of human life is to live well and have a good life. However, different people have different ideas about what good life really is, according to Aristotle, the good life consists in the possessions, over the course of our lives, of all the good thing for us. To him, the real goods that a person should seek in order to live well are bodily goods (which includes, health, vitality, vigor and pleasure), external goods (good foods, drinks, clothes, nice shelters, careers, etc…) and goods of the soul (knowledge, useful skill, love, friendship, artistry enjoyment, self-esteem, honor…) Aristotle stated that the first two are limited goods, we can get more of them and have more of them than we need. However, the goods of the soul are unlimited goods and that we will never have enough of

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