Lithosphere Essay

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The Lithosphere is the solid outer layer of the earth’s crust. The lithosphere consists of the upper mantel. The lithosphere is split into two types which are known as the continental and oceanic.

The oceanic lithosphere mainly contains of iron and magnesium in its crust. This is known as the mafic crust. The oceanic lithosphere is denser than the continental lithosphere.

The continental lithosphere is known as the continental crust. The continental crust consists of layer of igneous, sedimentary rock that forms the continents and the continental shelves. The continental lithosphere is less dense than the oceanic lithosphere. Hydrosphere
The hydrosphere consists of all the water on the earth’s surface. The hydrosphere follows a cycle
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Scientist also monitor the earth’s surface and lithosphere to identify for potential tsunami and to warn the governments and local populations. We do this to save lives and to protect the economy from collapsing and destroyed.
One method of monitoring the lithosphere is monitoring the gas emissions. Scientists monitor the amount of Sulphur Dioxide that escapes during the proses when magma rises into chamber. When the amount of Sulphur Dioxide begins to increase in a pattern scientist can predict that a volcanic eruption is likely to happen. Scientist use a sulphur dioxide analyse to detect the amount of gas that is being emitted. The sulphur dioxide analyser uses UV light in a reaction chamber where the sulphur dioxide is recorded. Scientist do this to save lives and the economy of the country that could be effected if not warned.
Another method of monitoring the lithosphere is monitoring the seismic waves. We monitor this in the lithosphere to predict and detect potential earthquakes. Seismic waves are created when the pressure between the plates reaches dangerous level the plate slip causing the plate to shake. This is known as an earthquake. We monitor this using a seismometer which gives us a reading of how much the plates are

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