Lentivirus Research Paper

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From the beginning of human history, man has encountered various diseases, illnesses, and infections. Among these many infections is the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), a rampant lentivirus that has infected about 938,000 Americans since its discovery (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2013). A lentivirus is a genus of viruses known for their long incubation periods (The Aids Institute, 2012). Lentiviruses are a classification of Retroviruses, a virus that duplicates itself into a host cell’s Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) through a process known as Ribonucleic Acid (RNA) reverse transcription (Kimball, 2011). HIV weakens the immune system by destroying the necessary cells that fight disease and infection, and reproduces by controlling …show more content…
(USDHHS, 2013). Helper T-cells, also called CD4+ cells, are the most important lymphatic cell concerning immune responses and suppressions. Macrophages are type of white blood cells that ingest cellular waste and microbes, while dendritic cells process antigen material from pathogens to place on their surfaces. This final phase in the transition from HIV to AIDS, less than 200 cells per cubic millimeter of blood, is what makes this disease so deadly (NIAID, 2011). Eventually, HIV can destroy many of these white blood cells that the body cannot fight infections and diseases anymore. Subsequently, opportunistic infections can quickly develop when helper-T cells are destroyed by invading the pathogenic virus, HIV (Derrer, 2014). Immune system cells, such as the helper T-cells, generate in the thymus gland, spleen, and lymph nodes, which are branches of the infection-fighting lymphatic system (Derrer, 2014). CD4+ cells travel throughout the human body, and help locate and impair bacteria and

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