Key Literature On Anthropology Of Vietnam Essay
Doi Moi, the economic reform that has taken place in Vietnam since 1980s, is the most salient contexts that attracts many scholarly attentions. In responding the shift from a command to a market economy and Vietnam’s increasing global integration are the revitalization and restructuring of rituals, the re-emergence of patrilineages in certain parts of the country, the intensification of class stratification, and fundamental shifts in the dominant discourses on culture, nationhood, class, and gender (Luong, 2006). Key debates in the literatures is also in relation to the great social transformation: what is the family structure like in contemporary Vietnam and how it transforms in rural and urban areas in the discourse of modernity and Doi Moi Vietnam; What is gender inequality of Vietnam, and how role of women is constructed, shifts, controlled (by state discourse, modern discourse); How the ritual changes symbolized the transformation of Vietnamese societies, etc. It is clear that the word ‘change’, ‘transformation’ is critical to the anthropological researches for the past a few decade. The essay is to identify key ethnographies and debates in Vietnam. I summarize the key ethnographies into five categories: family and kinship, ritual and religion, gender and sexuality, ethnic minorities, urban studies.
Family Structures and Kinship System
Family is significant in Vietnam, because families are not only the basic…