Karl Marx 's Critique Of Political Economy And The Communist Manifesto

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Karl Marx, Sigmund Freud, and John Stuart Mill are three authors who tackle the topic of freedom in unique ways, but their messages are fundamentally the same and further the ideas that we encountered in the esoteric texts as well as in The Matrix, most prominent of which is the claim that our freedom is simply an illusion. These texts differ from the esoteric texts in that they do not try to get us to believe in religious ideology, however they still suggest ways for us to better our lives. First, we have Karl Marx’s Capital: Critique of Political Economy and The Communist Manifesto, where we encounter the proletariat, or the working-class people regarded collectively. In these two texts, the latter of which was co-authored by Frederick Engels, we learn that the proletariat is enslaved just like the people in the matrix. And just like the people in the matrix, the proletariat does not realize that it is not truly free. That is why in Karl Marx’s view, unfreedom is what we are living in now. According to him, many people think that abolishing private property through communism is what will infringe on our freedom, but that is not the case. Specifically, in The Communist Manifesto, Marx states, "You are horrified at our intending to do away with private property. But in your existing society, private property has already been done away with for nine-tenths of the population." Here private property refers to the ownership of the means of production and it turns out that in…

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