Karl Marx: Father Of Socialism And Communism

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Karl Marx is often viewed as a father of Socialism and Communism. And he was certainly influential in the German and Eastern European political transformation of the 1900’s. Much of his political theory, thought and beliefs are written down in his various works, most famously his Manifesto of the Communist Party in 1848. But his later works, including A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy(1859) specifically lay out his beliefs on liberal democracy and individual rights and why they are harmful to the proletariat. They also documented his plan to abolish private property.
Marx believed that all society was organized in it economy by two things, it’s social organisation and the methods of production. Thus wealth and work are
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These classes decided how people lived, acted and interacted. “It is not the consciousness of men that determines their existence, but their social existence that determines their consciousness,”(Marx, 1859). The representation of these classes is determined by their wealth; what they can purchase, who they can bribe, etc. Marx believed that liberal democracy was fundamentally corrupt and incredibly harmful to the proletariat because it wasn’t in the bourgeoisie 's interest to improve the lives of the proletariat. Doing so would make more competition for power, because more people who have influential money.
Marx’s ideas on individual rights follow the same line as his ideas on liberal democracy. To Marx, alienation, the estrangement or separation of
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To eliminate private property is to eliminate the economic right of others to exploit others for private gain, But Marx didn’t believe abolishing or eliminating private property meant taking away the possession of goods such as clothes, food or furniture, but rather what he called ‘means of production.’ This includes facilities, tools, machinery and capital, both infrastructure and natural. Marx believed that social ownership would and should oust private property. Social ownership could include multiple types of ownership, such as public or state ownership(street signs), common ownership(organizations or enterprises owned by groups of people), employee ownership(stock options) etc. He believed social ownership would create equality for all. The allocation of money or income would be based off of each individual contribution to society, not group or class status. As Marx states in the preface to A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy that, “The changes in the economic foundation lead sooner or later to the transformation of the immense superstructure,”(Marx, 1859). In the more modern interpretations of his theories, like the Russian Revolution that led to the Vladimir Lenin’s communist rule, this meant the government owned and regulated all major means of production, from factories, railroads to

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