Duty In Kant's Duties

735 Words 3 Pages
Sacoya Brooks

March 12, 2018

Philosophy 1300

Philosophy 1300 Section Test #2

According to Kant, what is singular about motivation by duty is that it consists of bare respect for the moral law. Duties are rules or laws of some sort combined with some sort of felt constraint or incentive on our choices. It’s almost like an obligation by the Categorical Imperative. But Kant draws a distinction between the duties of perfect and imperfect. But Kant states, Perfect duties come in the form “One must never (or always) φ to the fullest extent possible in C”, while imperfect duties, since they require us to adopt an end, at least require that “One must sometimes and to some extent φ in C.” Perfect duties are ones that must be fulfilled at every opportunity; Imperfect duties are ones that must be fulfilled at some point, but we are allowed to decide when and how this is done.

Kant broke down the duties into four categories; perfect duties toward ourselves, perfect duties toward others, imperfect duties toward ourselves and imperfect duties toward others. For example, to refrain from suicide is a perfect duty toward oneself; to refrain from making promises you have no intention of keeping is a perfect duty toward others. To develop one’s talents is an imperfect duty toward oneself; and to
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Mill observes that liberty can be divided into three types, each of which must be recognized and respected by any free society. First, there is the liberty of thought and opinion. The second type is the liberty of tastes and pursuits, or the freedom to plan our own lives. Third, there is the liberty to join other like-minded individuals for a common purpose that does not hurt anyone. Sandel states that we must look at the costs and

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