John B. Watson And Mary Cover Jones Hope Essay

1040 Words Oct 21st, 2015 5 Pages
What does Psychologists’, little boys, a hammer, and rabbits have in common? Sounds a tab bit disturbing, but in the world of psychology experiments were absolutely necessary to prove theory. Everyone has a fear but the question is, how did that fear come to be? Can you cure fear? These are some of the questions that John B. Watson and Mary Cover Jones hope to answer.
The little Albert Experiment was an example of stimulus generalization. This experiment was conducted by John B. Watson and his graduate student Rosalie Rayner, at Johns Hopkins University. John B. Watson showed evidence of Classical conditioning in his experiment with little Albert. As Mr. Watson began to show the child a series of objects, one of which included a rat. The child showed no signs of fear. Once John B. Watson felt he could “condition a child to fear another distinctive stimuli which would not normally be feared by a child”(Schultz,Schultz), he introduced a hammer. This hammer was used to startle the child every time he saw the rodent. This was continued until little Albert would see the rodent and instantaneously cry. Watson and Rayner wrote: "The instant the rat was shown, the baby began to cry. Almost instantly he turned sharply to the left, fell over on [his] left side, raised himself on all fours and began to crawl away so rapidly that he was caught with difficulty before reaching the edge of the table."
The procedures in this experiment were Classical conditioning and Stimulus…

Related Documents