Jean Vygotsky's Cognitive Development Case Study

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B.B. was 7 months during the time of the first observation. This is an in-depth analysis of child development theories in reference to the capabilities of B.B. during the observation.
Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development- the Sensorimotor Stage. The sensorimotor stage is the first of four stages that Piaget founded in his theory. During the sensorimotor stage, “children know the world through actions on the world- sucking, throwing, pounding, etc. They know what they can see. Objects out of sight are out of mind- they don’t exist for the infant” (Woolfolk, A., & Perry, N. E. 2012). At this age, children experience life and learn via their innate, human senses (i.e. touch and smell). Therefore, it is imperative to note and understand
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nurture theory and how heavily it can influence children’s ability to think and learn. He was fundamentally the first to note that social contact and/or interaction with others was fairly critical for a child’s intellectual development. In terms of language, “Vygotsky believed that language develops from social interactions, for communication purposes” (McLeod 2007). In regards to the basis of language, “according to Vygotsky (1962) language plays 2 critical roles in cognitive development: it is the main means by which adults transmit information to children and language itself becomes a very powerful tool of intellectual adaptation” (McLeod 2007). In order for infants to effectively communicate to other infants, themselves, parents, and caregivers, infants mostly perform baby-talk which may include cooing and …show more content…
Erikson’s psychosocial theory of development emphasized the emergence of self, the search for identity, the individual’s relationships with others, and the role of culture throughout life (Woolfolk, A., & Perry, N. E. 2012). With this being said, he created 8 stages of psychological endurances throughout the human lifespan. Each stage provides a unique and interesting social situation. If the individual is able to master each situation in a positive and healthy way, their maturity develops and is able to fully move on to the next stage. Since B.B. was 7 months old during the time of the observation, she is naturally placed within the first stage: “trust vs.

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