Ivan Karamazov And Nietzsche's Argument Against Christianity

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1. Between Ivan Karamazov and Nietzsche, I think that Nietzsche makes the stronger argument against religious faith. Nietzsche, in Section 2 of the Antichrist, begins by condemning Christianity by saying “Active pity for all the failures and all the weak: Christianity.” Christianity gives people hope for the failures and weaknesses by letting them slide. It doesn’t teach them that they should grow stronger from their mistakes. Instead, it tells them that failing is okay because they tried and didn’t succeed. This is understandable but it shouldn’t be something that people continue to follow. Nietzsche believes that “Christianity should not be beautified and embellished: it has waged a deadly war against this higher type of man…the reprobate …show more content…
The argument of Nietzsche is contained within Faust’s rebellion in Goethe’s text. In the Prologue in Heaven in Faust, Mephistopheles and the Lord make an agreement stating “Draw this spirit from his primal source and—if you can hold him—lead him downward on your road; but stand ashamed when in the end you must confess: a good man in his dark and secret longings is well aware which path to go” (Goethe, 27). This illustrates the fact that God believes he has so much power over Nietzsche and that Faust has given him the ability to have this control over him. Nietzsche believes that the more power we give God because he is a “spider”, the more influence he will continue to have over our lives. Faust only proves God’s and Nietzsche’s point through the actions he commits throughout the Goethe’s text. Faust wants more than worldly knowledge. He wants the knowledge of God. He wants to know more than reality. He yearns for more something more and will give in to anyone, especially the devil. Faust says “Show me the fruit that rots before it’s plucked and trees that grow their greenery anew each day” (Goethe, 131). Nietzsche’s argument is evidently shown in Faust’s dialogue because he is giving into the devil’s ways in order to become more like God, who is all-knowing. Faust, too, in Martha’s Garden, says to Margaret when she questions him on his stance of religion, that “Let it be, my child. You know how dear you are to me. For those I love I’d give my blood and life; I grant to …show more content…
In The Antichrist, Nietzsche exclaims that when humans feel anxiety and scared, they immediately offer away their power to people who aren’t worthy and reliable enough and who will use the power other’s give them to make their own status/power even greater. Nietzsche, specifically, makes this argument when it comes to priests. To him, priests “hold all great concepts in his hand; he plays them out with benevolent contempt…horrors or vices” (Sec 8, 575). Priests try to make us believe that they know the truth and how we should live. They want us to believe that they know how we should live and what is right and wrong. People give into this fact and allow priests to see that it’s what gives them power and meaning. Nietzsche knew that if people kept giving in, priests would continue to feed off the power that the people give them. Nietzsche believes as well that “As long as the priest is considered a higher type of man—this professional negator, slanderer, and poisoner of life—there is no answer to the question: what is truth?” (Sec 8, 575). If we continue to give into the belief that priests hold what is the truth and what is a lie, then they have won. This is what gives them their power. We allow them to forgive our “sins” or wrongdoings because they declare what is a wrongful action or what is a righteous action. Comparing this to American culture today, Nietzsche is completely correct. We feed our power to these “figureheads” like the Kardashians and politicians like

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