Islamic Hospitals In The Middle Ages

2148 Words 9 Pages
In the Middle East, during the Middle Ages, Islamic hospitals had a greater variety of roles. Islam believes that everyone who was ill should receive treatment, whether they were able to pay for it or not. Their hospitals were large buildings in the cities, and were open to all, without question. An Islamic hospital served many purposes: it was a place to receive medical treatment, a place for the mentally insane, a place to receive care while recovering from a sickness or an accident, and a retirement home for those who had no family who could take care of their needs. Those with wealth and prestige would not go to the hospital but would be given medical care at home. One of the first documented Islamic hospitals was erected in the 9th …show more content…
An Italian doctor, Girolamo Fracastoro, suggested that epidemics could possible by caused by pathogens from without the body which could be transmitted from person to person. An English physician, William Harvey, defined the circulation system and properties of the blood. Leonardo Da Vinci dissected human corpses and used them to draw studies of the bones, muscles, and tendons of the human body. He had over 200 pages of drawings along with notes on the human anatomy. Da Vinci also studied the human bones, and how the muscles worked to make them move. Another physician, Ambroise Paré, was a renowned surgeon and treated many patients from the battlefield. After running out of one medicine, he substituted turpentine and the next day discovered that those he had treated with turpentine were healed. Even with such wonderful discoveries during the Renaissance Period, the way physicians diagnosed patients was not much different from the Middle Ages. They did not know how to cure the infectious diseases that were rampant and had spread during that time, like the plague and syphilis. The Black Death, known as the Black Plague, came to Europe by the way of the sea in 1347. During the next five years, it would kill over 20 million people in Europe. Many physicians used bloodletting along with lancing the boils to solve the plague. By early 1350, the disease was over although it kept coming back every few generations for many centuries. The Black Death changed the shape of hospitals from being focused on hospitality toward others, to being a place that gave medical care. Because physicians and their staff became fundamental to hospital procedures, medical services became specialized. There would be separate hospitals for specific types of illnesses. Hospitals usually fell into two different types; ones where the patient had a chronic illness and was there long term, and the other when the patient had a sudden acute

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