Intramuscular Naloxone Case Study

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In 2011, a total of 263,979 EMS runs were made to an overdose victim making 1.7% of all emergency calls related to opioid overdose (Faul et al., 2015). On the EMS runs, Naloxone was either administered to patients intranasally, intramuscularly, or intravenously. All methods of administration result in the same hospitalization time and side effects. Intranasal Naloxone can be administered by anyone with minimal training while intravenous and intramuscular Naloxone can only be administered by advanced EMTs because of the need for an I.V. ( Kerr, D., Kelly, A., Dietze, P., Jolley, D., & Barger, B 2009). Intravenous and intramuscular Naloxone should be made the standard method of administration over intranasal Naloxone because more lives would be saved due to the safety of the drug, absorption rate, cost, and requirements to administer.
Intravenous Naloxone absorbs into the bloodstream faster than intranasal Naloxone reversing an opioid overdose in a more timely manner. Since
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Intravenous administration requires an I.V. and a needle to be placed into the patient. In a study done by Kerr, D., Kelly, A., Dietze, P., Jolley, D., & Barger, B (2009) there was no needle stick injuries to the EMTs while using intravenous administration. The use of an I.V. does not put the safety of the EMT at risk. Intramuscular administration uses a prepacked syringe that provides injury protection to the EMT (Robinson, A., & Wermeling, P. 2014). On the contrary, since both methods require a needle and assembly, this takes time away from the EMT that could be used treating a more urgent patient. But, intravenous and intramuscular Naloxone gives families more time with their loved one. If intravenous and intramuscular Naloxone brings the overdose victim back to life, family members can put loved ones in a recovery and addiction

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