Intelligence Tactics And The National Security Act Of 1947 Essay

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Since ancient times, intelligence tactics and espionage have evolved and become more complex with the changing of the global landscape and culture. American intelligence, in particular, has seen many changes during its lifetime and continues to adjust to the vicissitudes of the nation—although, these changes have not always been the most effective. History implies that effective transformation rarely occurs during uneventful times. Instead, significant adjustments often result from some type of external disruption—a tragedy, catastrophic event or scandal that exposes the imperfections of the status quo. For example, World War II gave rise to the CIA with the creation of the National Security Act of 1947, the fall of the Soviet Union following the Cold War prompted a new shift in intelligence methods, and Pearl Harbor and more recently the September 11, 2001 (9/11) terrorist attacks also brought forth significant changes in intelligence operations (Johnson & Wirtz, 2015, p.473). As the terrorism landscape continues to become more complex and sinister with the rise of radical Islamic groups such as Al Qaeda and ISIS, the intelligence community is left to ponder its future in the context of intelligence activities, analysis and its place as a global leader. Joseph Wippl’s “The Future of American Espionage” examines the implications and challenges that the intelligence community will face in the future, specifically supporting espionage as the intelligence tool of…

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