Intellectual Disabilities : An Intellectual Disability Essay example

2361 Words Apr 7th, 2016 10 Pages
Intellectual disabilities affect many Australians on a daily basis, and as social workers, we need to maximise their opportunities for choice and participation within their lives. Psychologically, someone has an intellectual disability if their IQ is 70 or below and they have deficits in at least two areas of adaptive behaviour such as self-care or social skills (Intellectual Disability Rights Service, 2009). As social workers, it is important we distinguish between the person and their behaviour or disability (McVilly, 2002). Strategies for these behaviours are needed to address the cause and purpose of the behaviour and not just deter the behaviour and should be done with the most maintenance of their human rights (McVilly, 2002). Maximising opportunities for people with an intellectual disability will be discussed in the areas of person centred care, human rights, advocacy and restraints, while exploring the topic and definitions of intellectual behaviour further.

An intellectual disability affects the way you learn in many ways such as learning new skills, communicating and affecting the way a person adapts to new situations (Intellectual Disability Rights Service, 2009). Examples of this type of disability include Autism (Intellectual Disability Rights Service, 2009). It is important to note that behaviours can occur for a variety of reasons as we expect people with these disabilities to deal with huge demands on a day-to-day basis (McVilly, 2002). A person showing…

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