Integumentary Case Study

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Diseases and Disorders of the Integumentary,
Skeletal and Muscular,
Integumentary System
 The Integumentary System is composed of Skin and accessory Organs such as hair, nails, and Cutaneous Glands
 Largest Organ!
 Skin weighs about six pounds and sheds every 27 days Integumentary Cont.
Functions of skin
• Works to waterproof body (Keratin, a fibrous protein aids in this)
• Acts as a cushion and protects body from infection
• Excretes waste
• Regulates Temperature and prevents dehydration by controlling perspiration
• Houses sensory receptors to detect pain, sensation, and pressure
• Storage of water, fat, glucose, and Vit. D

Three Layers of Skin
 Epidermis
• Top layer (Only a tenth of a millimeter
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Types of Bone Fractures
 Avulsion
• A muscle or ligament pulls on the bone, fracturing it
 Comminuted
• Bone is shattered into many pieces
• Generally occurs in the spongy bone of the spine, for example a portion of the vertebra in the spine may collapse due to osteoporosis
Fracture Dislocation
• A joint becomes dislocated, and one of the bones of the joint has a fracture
Bone Fractures Cont.
 Greenstick Fracture
• Bone partly breaks on one side, but not completely. More common in children whose bones are softer and more elastic.
 Impacted
• When bone is fractured, one fragment of bone goes into another Longitudinal
• Along the length of bone
 Oblique
• Diagonal to a bones long axis Spiral
• A fracture where at least one part of the bone has been twisted
Bone Fractures Cont.
 Stress
• Breaks due to repeated stress and strains
 Transverse
• Straight break right across
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• Irritates the articular cartilage and synovial membrane
• It usually attacks only one joint at a time
• It most often strikes the joint of the big toe

 There are many different diseases and disorders of the skin, bones, and joints. I tried to give a brief description of each system and point out a few of the common disorders!
 I hope you enjoyed my presentation!
 You are my favorite teacher!
• Boundless. “Fibrous Joints.” Boundless Anatomy and Physiology. Boundless, 10 Oct. 2016. Retrieved 01 Nov. 2016 from

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