Essay on Infection Control

1998 Words Apr 8th, 2013 8 Pages
The aim of this essay is to discuss and analyse the fundamental issues of infection control which underpins Adult Nursing. The topic for discussion is infection control/nosocomial infections in particular Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). There are varying degrees of the strain Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and some strains are classed as MRSA (National Health Service (NHS) Plus, 2005). Not all strains of the bacterium will cause an epidemic. Epidemic causing MRSA is classified as EMRSA, most notably EMRSA-15 and EMRSA-16, which can be more difficult to control (Department of Health (DH), 2004). However, for the purpose of this essay, the author will focus on MRSA in an acute setting, which has become a major …show more content…
However, consideration must be given to patients who are diagnosed with an infectious disease as this can send them on a downward spiral towards being malnourished (Dougherty & Lister, 2004 and Heath, 2003). Signifying, poor nutrition in an already very ill patient can further compound their ill health with adverse effects.

Although it is discussed that for prevention of infecting other patients, a patient diagnosed with MRSA must be isolated immediately, but how does the patient feel being stigmatised for being ill, the effect of being diagnosed with an illness that is potentially life threatening, and a fear that the care they will receive may be compromised by staff. To be stigmatised is to be viewed as an outcast of society. Goffman (1963) states stigma is a study of situations where the normal and abnormal meets. Which lends itself to the question, how does an ill patient feel knowing that they are being viewed as ‘abnormal’.

Therefore, to be diagnosed with MRSA and to in turn be subjected to isolation, where they are withdrawn from other patients, and may only see Nurses and Doctors while they are doing their rounds, leaves a patient feeling alone and possibly depressed (Madeo, 2003 and MacKenzie et al, 1997).

Madeo (2003) states patients requiring source isolation as a result of an infectious disease are exposed to further stress that can lead to emotional and behavioural manifestations. Infectious isolated patients are

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