Induction Methodology

The purpose of this paper is to describe the difference between inductive and deductive methods in philosophy and defend the deductive methodological approach as the best method to validate a scientific theory. Schick believed that any scientific theories must be founded on empirical and logical evidences, which accounted for the validity and the reasoning for these theories (2000). The position that the student will take in this paper is in favor for the deduction methodology and its scientific reasoning to approach theories. In support of induction methodological approach for the scientific theory, a discussion of Kuhn and Hempel point of views in endorsing the nation of induction is essential. In induction, the reasoning moves from …show more content…
The reductionists agree upon that if the premises are true then eventually true theory (Schick, 2000). Schick (2000) argued that “any theory that can be deduced from true evidence must be true”( p. 35). Popper (1959) and Hume (n.d.) believed in the principle of experience as a fundamental concept for the nature of scientific theory (as cited in Schick, 2000). Hume (n.d.) disagreed with the induction method due to its illogical and irrational methodology to reach the conclusion (as cited in Schick, 2000). Hume (n.d.) believed that this method did not provide clear and consistence approach to solve any scientific phenomena (as cited in Schick, 2000). Also, Schick (2000) said that Popper believed in the logical deduction methodology in testing the hypothesis; hence the induction has no role in scientific theory. Popper (1959) rejected the notion of the universal statement to be the bases for empirical sciences (as cited in Schick, 2000). It seems that the induction methodology has weak justifications to its perception regarding science and pseudoscience. However, logical reasoning in deduction methodology provides a better and strong approach to develop scientific theory. Therefore, it is necessary to support deduction methodology in this …show more content…
The position was taken here is in support of deduction methodology as the best way to approach theory in science. Induction method starts with specific observations to develop a final general statement that explains the phenomena but this does not guarantee the accuracy and the truth of its conclusion. Unlike induction, deduction relies on continuous logical and empirical testing of the hypothesis that should be the foundation of any science. In fact, supporting critical thinking and logic to gain the true knowledge are essential in today’s

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