Inductive And Deduction Methodology In Philosophy

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The purpose of this paper is to describe the difference between inductive and deductive methods in philosophy and defend the deductive methodological approach as the best method to validate a scientific theory. Schick believed that any scientific theories must be founded on empirical and logical evidences, which accounted for the validity and the reasoning for these theories (2000). The position that the student will take in this paper is in favor for the deduction methodology and its scientific reasoning to approach theories. In support of induction methodological approach for the scientific theory, a discussion of Kuhn and Hempel point of views in endorsing the nation of induction is essential. In induction, the reasoning moves from specific observations to general or universal statement while the truth of any theory has a high degree of probability (Schick, 2000). The induction approach to support a theory must be driven by multiple observations of the phenomena (Schick, 2000). Using this method, the scientist who adapted this inductive inferences methodology should prove his/her premises to validate and confirm the developed theory (Schick, 2000). In fact, this induction approach seems to be illogical and irrational most of the …show more content…
The position was taken here is in support of deduction methodology as the best way to approach theory in science. Induction method starts with specific observations to develop a final general statement that explains the phenomena but this does not guarantee the accuracy and the truth of its conclusion. Unlike induction, deduction relies on continuous logical and empirical testing of the hypothesis that should be the foundation of any science. In fact, supporting critical thinking and logic to gain the true knowledge are essential in today’s

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