Importance Of The Bombing Of Hiroshima And Nagasaki

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The Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki: Abhorrent but Necessary
On August 6, 1945, the city of Hiroshima, Japan went up in smoke when “Little Boy,” an atomic bomb developed in the secretive Manhattan Project, was dropped. Three days later, the atomic bomb dubbed “Fat Man” obliterated another Japanese city, Nagasaki. The bombing itself and its effect on survivors’ health was devastating, and President Truman’s decision to drop the bombs remains highly controversial 71 years later. In fact, Naji Dahi, Ph.D., insists that the bombings were unnecessary, unjustified, and ineffective. However, the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki provided a quick and decisive end to World War II, encouraged an unconditional Japanese surrender, and saved millions
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However, this argument, though a popular one among critics of the bombings, is fictitious. According to Thomas Flagel, author of The History Buff’s Guide to World War II, “the cabinet of Prime Minister Suzuki Kantaro agreed to a cease-fire but not capitulation” (284). In other words, Japan would peacefully demilitarize, but would do so on its own terms. The Japanese generals and politicians who refused unconditional surrender would only settle for “‘honorable’” terms, like withholding parts of the Japanese empire that the Allies wanted (Hastings, Inferno 627). Furthermore, on July 26, 1945, several days before the bombing of Hiroshima, the western Allies forewarned the Japanese that, if they refused surrender, their country would be met with “‘prompt and utter destruction;’” however, the Japanese practically disregarded this declaration, thinking that the Allies were threatening more of the usual “firebombing and eventual invasion” (Hastings, Inferno 626-627). Likewise, even after the bombing of Hiroshima, Prime Minister Kantaro would not accept defeat. Emperor Hirohito relayed a message to him after the bombing of Hiroshima, ready to “‘end the war as soon as possible’” (Hastings, Retribution 480). However, a combination of slow communication and an adamant enemy resulted in another bombing at Nagasaki (Hastings, Retribution

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