Importance Of Architecture In Ancient Civilizations

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From the reign of King Gilgamesh, to the rise and fall of the Egyptian empire, and the ancient Aegean civilizations, there have been an abundance of artifacts and structures discovered that have been uniquely influenced by the great quantity of differences between the many cultures and leaders, whom have altered the numerous techniques that continued to influence later civilizations. Ancient architecture was often created for places of worship for religious idols; however, there have been many great leaders that dwelled in divine palaces as well. Powerful leaders were often times buried in great structures for their afterlife, to be remembered as a powerful figure in history. There are many reasons as to why architecture is put where it is, …show more content…
The Mesopotamians, or more specifically the Sumerians, were among the first people to develop myths and gods in which most of their architecture is appealed to. They worship their gods in temples, which lay on top of ziggurats, which is the base of the temple. Ziggurats are meant to elevate temples to reach high in the sky, rather a link between heaven and earth.
The Sumerians, including the Assyrians, Persians and Babylonians, believed their temples were visited periodically by the god it was dedicated to. The temples were a very important part to the daily lives of Mesopotamians. In fact, the priests often had equal or on rare occasions more power than their ruler, depending on whom and how important their god was. In the “Epic of Gilgamesh”, it states that the city Uruk in which King Gilgamesh ruled was dedicated to the god Anu, Whom is the ruler of the sky and is the father of all
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Their columns were tapered, instead of being flared (thick at the bottom, thin towards the top) or straight from top to bottom; the complete opposite from the Greek and Egyptian techniques of columns. The Minoan columns can be easily distinguished from is bright black, red and yellow colors, the technique in which the columns are tapered (thick at top and thin towards the bottom), and its cushion like capital. The Egyptian columns are more colossal in size and have the regular flared shape. Mesopotamian columns stood alone and were 64 feet tall with animal protomes on top, located at the Apadana Palace in Iran, built around 521-465

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