Impact Of Descartes On Psychology

Improved Essays
Register to read the introduction… He argued that the mind is responsible for thinking processes while the body is responsible for much of life’s functions, including movements. This suggested that some movements are not a result of the mind, but rather a reflex of the body. He ultimately established that the brain is important for behavior and thinking. This further supported Descartes claim that the mind and body are separate and fueled later research on the nervous system and its relationship to the mind and brain. It can also be argued that these contributions paved the path for modern behavioral psychology and more specifically the concept of stimulus-response. This type of psychology focuses on how people behave. Modern behavioral psychologists test this idea that the brain in responsible for behavior and thinking by manipulating situations and studying

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    Behavioral Approach is learned by human behavior, which can be unlearned and new behaviors can be learned in its place. Behavioral approach is concerned primarily with the observable and measurable aspect of human behavior. From my perspective behavioral approach is when a person acts a certain way, it can either be a good behavior or a bad behavior. Behavior changes based on emotions and feelings, which is when cognitive approach have a relationship behavioral approach which they a both all under a framework. A cognitive approach is a psychology approach relatively modern approach to human behavior that focuses on how we think, with the belief that such thought processes affect the way in which we behave.…

    • 1089 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Behavior Theory uses a precise scientific method, with emphasis on behavioral analysis and treatment evaluation. The helper uses cause and effect of the target behaviors, and tries to interfere with or rid of these undesirable bonds. New appropriate behaviors are then learned, through reinforcement. The behavior modifications used to promote new and healthy behaviors include imitative learning, cognitive learning, emotional learning, and operant conditioning. The goal of Behavior theory and its therapy is to change a person’s behavior by either increasing or decreasing specific behaviors, using treatment.…

    • 946 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The mental processes were the software and the nervous system was the hardware. Under this model cognitive psychologists focused on the functions rather than the content. During a controlled experiment researchers were able to observe “inputs” and “outputs” of the mental system. This led them to believe internal mechanisms must be the key to mental functioning. This field continues to be influential in the study of memory, perception, and consciousness.…

    • 1582 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    He believed that the development of human personality is guided by one’s present awareness and expectation of detailed events. He also believes that the human personality is a reflection of their cultural background and upbringing. Kelly was an originator of the personal construct theory. His personal construct theory allowed him to construe various methods and ideas as a way to understand and explain the concept of human personality. Based on the text, Kelly’s personal construct theory is a unique and hypothetical contribution to psychology.…

    • 1366 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Psychologist John Watson invented the term behaviorism, defining it as being “the view that psychology’s goal should be to study directly observable behavior and to understand how the events in the environment outside the organism produce behavior” (Watson 17). Watson believed it was unscientific to study “Private Events” and that someone’s behavior should be directly observed. Studying a person’s behavior is not just one step, but many. These steps include watching someone’s reaction to everything. Behaviorism focuses more on a person’s behavior to the environment in which surrounds them.…

    • 838 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Both of these theorists believed that social interaction is important and played an irreplaceable role in cognitive development. Piaget believed that the development of thought and language is influenced by learning from others, where Vygotsky believed social interaction was instrumental cognitive development. Both theories see teachers as a facilitator and guide in education and development, but not…

    • 826 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    What could be causing feelings that had no physical cause? He began to wonder if neurological disorders had psychological causes. He developed his belief that our unconscious mind plays a greater part in our patterns of thinking, feeling, and acting (i.e. personality) than we previously believed it did. Freud believed that the personality was shaped toward…

    • 1455 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Psychology is the basic scientific study of the human mind and how it adapts and functions, especially those affecting behaviorism. The mental characteristics of an individual and or group and how they adapt, act and or function within society are what has also helped define psychology. Psychology has many different areas, such as life span development. Life span development, a study of the entire life span, is the primary focus of developmental psychology. It allows us to study the different areas of one’s life.…

    • 1378 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Types of Psychology. Cognitive Psychology Cognitive Psychology is a fairy modern approach to human behaviour that is the scientific study of the mind as an information processor. Cognitive psychology is mainly that if we want to know what makes people tick then we need to understand the internal processes of their mind. It involves the study of the human mental processes and how they play a role in how we feel, how we think and the way we behave. This type of psychology focuses on how humans process different types of information and what responses come from the treatment.…

    • 1245 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Cognition is our thoughts, so cognitive behavioral therapy combines working with our thought process and changing our behavior at the same time. CBT starts by breaking down your problems into smaller components, often trying to identify certain problematic thoughts or behavior. CBT is a form of psychoanalysis that focuses on the importance of thinking in determining human actions. However, Cognitive behavioral psychotherapists believe that the thinking of an individual influences his or her actions and emotions. Hence, if an individual is experiencing undesirable feelings and behavior, it is a result of his or her thinking.…

    • 1128 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays