Humans Can Not Be Traded Away Essays

873 Words Dec 20th, 2016 4 Pages
Humans attribute value to objects. Bentham tries to find what humans value fundamentally in a manner similar to the first cause argument. Through this process he deduces that humans fundamentally value pleasure, along with the avoidance of pain. The reason pleasure was the ultimate conclusion is that pleasure cannot be traded away. Bentham is a utilitarian, so he believes in the meaning of the consequences rather than the meaning of the actions. These trades adding up have a net consequence. Therefore, Bentham established the utilitarian maximus, in which humans must act to create the most total pleasure for a net positive consequence. Bentham’s primary thought of maximizing pleasure does have fault. The action of maximizing pleasure would require knowledge about multiple actions, outcomes, and consequences on levels humans simply do not have. It is feasible to say that it is impossible to predict all thought. Bentham realizes this, and even suggests that past experiences may be used in judgement for most situations. Another criticism of his statement (in part a follow-up of the previous point) is that the reduction of human consequences to hedons and dolors is essentially a mathematical calculation (known as hedonic calculus), and that this oversimplification reduces the depth that humans contain. According to the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, another issue is that the decisions people make to maximize pleasure may be best in their interest, but they may not be…

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