Humanism During The Renaissance

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1. The term "Renaissance" comes from the French, meaning rebirth. It is a term used to describe the 1400- 1600. Today, the renaissance is viewed as "a profound and enduring upheaval ad transformation in culture, politics, art and, society in Europe." (Brotton, 9) While I believe the term renaissance can be applied to certain aspects of this time period, I don 't believe it should blanket all that occurred in that time period.

A major factor during the Renaissance was the revival of Greaco-Roman culture in the form of Humanism. Humanism involved the study and interpretation of the classical texts of Greek and Roman language, culture, politics, and philosophy"( Brotton, 9) it was a popular school of thought during the 1400-1600. Humanism was practiced by the elite noble man, who read Greek and Roman literature and collected Roman
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Luther 's unhappiness fueled his barrage against the Catholic Church. In 1517, Luther 's 95 thesis, he verbally attacked the churches indulgences and discussed his negative opinions about the church. As Martin Luther expressed his ideas more and more "Lutheranism began to spread across northern Europe, it spread faster than even Luther could control. In 1519, Charles V of Hapsburg added Austria to his dynastic inheritance but he was facing many struggles including the beginning of the nationalist revolts in northern Europe. Charles the V was "compounded by his difficulties and the rise of Lutheranism," so Charles condemned Luther as a ‘ notorious heretic '. (Brotton, 72)
The peasants war is an example of religion 's role in violence-according to Peter Marshall in places like Lubeck - Lutheranism was seen as an ideology for a "municipal coup d 'etat," adopted by middle-ranking guildsmen previously excluded from town government by rich patricians.(Marshall, 20) Certain aspects of Luther 's teachings were applied to personal

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