How Language Can Be Written Or Spoken? Essay

1538 Words Apr 4th, 2016 null Page
1. Introduction
Language serves more purposes than just to communicate ideas from person to person. Language can be both seen and heard. Language can be written or spoken. Speech is described by Crystal (2005, p. 1) to be phonic. Writing is graphic. Crystal (2005, p. 1) speaks of the elements of language as having a physical bond. One cannot begin to write if they are not first familiar with oral language (Gee & Hayes, 2011, p. 57). Likewise, one cannot understand language if one cannot comprehend the meaning of why certain utterances are verbalised or the reasons for writing. Language is diverse. To comprehend language one must understand the context of the communication (Gee & Hayes, 2011, p. 121). The context for language consists of a register, or genre, to be interpreted within (Lukin, et al., 2011, p. 188). The register includes a field which is the subject matter included in the interaction, tenor which consists of the people involved in the discourse and the mode of which the message is being conveyed. Words can have very different meanings when used in different contexts (Gee & Hayes, 2011, p.121). The register can also be referred to as social languages. Different social settings and cultures will interpret different discourses in divergent means (Gee & Hayes, 2011, p. 59). There are many factors that will influence the interpretation, this can include age, socioeconomic status and culture. Communicational means are not universal, for example in western cultures…

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