How Does Tourism Affect The Global Environment

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The tourism industry should be concerned not only about profitability, but also about its impact on the global environment. One example is TUIfly, a German airline corporation, that sets new environmental standards. In 1998, when the oil price was still below 20 dollars per barrel, TUIfly has already started to replace the old generation aircraft of type Boing 737 Classic with the new Boeing 737-800. At that time, TUIfly was a pioneer in investing in sustainable efficiency. Protecting the environment plays a leading role in the company’s philosophy. Since 2001, TUIfly has a fuel-efficiency program that generates a continuous reduction of CO2 emissions (TUI Group, 2016).
Tourists, local hosts, land and heritage managers, governments and tourism
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Organizations such as the United Nations Environment Programme and the World Wide Fund for Nature emphasize that ecological danger caused by tourism has to be taken seriously and preventive actions have to be implemented immediately in order to find long-term sustainable solutions (Higgins-Desbiolles, 2009, p. 43-44). A further association, the United Nations World Trade Organization (UNWTO) estimates that by the year 2030 around 1.8 billion tourists will travel internationally. This growth will be a huge challenge for the tourism sector as well as for the environment. The UNWTO developed regulations for governments and the private sector on ecologically friendly tourism policies in order to adapt to changing climate conditions, to regulate emissions and to reduce pollution. According to the UNWTO, ecological tourism is not a special form of tourism. All forms of tourism, including “mass tourism,” should seek to be environmentally friendly. Sustainable tourism considers economic, social and ecological consequences and takes into account the needs of the industry, the travelers and the host communities. Environmentally friendly tourism should respect the cultural differences between countries, use resources effectively and provide long-term benefits for nature and society. Ecological tourism should have three goals: protection of the environment, social equity and economic wealth (United Nations World Trade Organization, 2011). In order to achieve this, environmental tourism initiatives and environmental policies have to work closely to ensure effective environmental regulations. The United Nations Environmental Programme and the World Tourism Organization, write that sustainable tourism can only lead to a success if governments, tourism corporations, tourists, and other parties who are involved in tourism activities are working together and share the

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