Immigrants In The Twentieth Century

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The time period between the Civil War and the beginning of the twentieth century changed America from a still forming country to a world power. During this transition there are many changes that affect everyone living in the United States. One group particular is affected greatly : the immigrants. Some of the changes include growth, industrialization, and communication and travel. The question lies in whether these changes affected the immigrants in a negative or positive way. After the Civil War, America is eager to begin growing and expanding. America is seen as the growing country where immigrants could start a new bright future. The West offered land claims for those who want to work the land and the opportunity of striking it rich with …show more content…
Factories became larger and more complex, creating a demand for workers to operate the new machinery, which led to an increase in the number of unskilled jobs. The increase in factory workers brought with it urbanization. People were now living in cities near the factories. Immigrants would take factory jobs and live in cities, but the wages were too low. Often immigrants would join together and share a room so they could afford to live (Jacob Riis, Immigrants Crowd Together-By Choice, or Not?, 77). The image shows men crammed in the room, making the spread of diseases an easy task (Riis). In some cases, like in San Francisco, people start to hate and segregate immigrants because they believe they are spreading diseases. Immigrants travel to the U.S because of the increase of jobs and opportunities, but the wages are low and makes living difficult. Immigrants often get into situations where they need money so badly that they will work during a strike. This causes hatred toward immigrants because if they work, then the strike is not effective. Industrialization sprouts cities like roses of life, but there are thorns in with the …show more content…
Being connected by telegraph and changing the world with the inventions of the light bulb and telephone, America is now on the same level as the world powers . This increase in infrastructure creates a lot of jobs for the people of America including the immigrants. Immigrants could travel at easily on the railroad or even make a living by building the railroads. Just like the when they worked in factories factories, the immigrants faced hatred. The Chinese were often given the most dangerous and high casuality jobs, but this did matter because bosses saw the Chinese as expendable. In Rock Springs, Wyoming, the Chinese railroad workers did not want to strike like the white railroad workers (Hon. Huang Sih Chuen, Wyoming Gunfight: An Attack on Chinatown, 1885, 45-46). This resulted in a white mob that robbed, shot, and burned Chinese immigrants (Hon. Huang Sih Chuen). When the riot was over, 28 Chinese were killed and 15 were wounded (Hon. Huang Sih Chuen). The increase in the railroads provided a lot of jobs to immigrants, but at a

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