Essay on How Breastfeeding Affects The Breastfeeding Rate At 6 Months

984 Words Jun 2nd, 2016 4 Pages
Purpose Statement
The purpose of this article is to examine how breastfeeding, directly at the breast, for the first 24-48 hours postpartum affects the breastfeeding rate at 6 months. This article was published in BMJ Open in 2015 and the lead author is Della A. Forster. The primary research question for this team was the following: “Are healthy term infants fed solely at the breast in the first 24-48 hours of life more likely to be having any breast milk at 6 months than those receiving any other combination of feeding, including the use of EBM (expressed breast milk) and/or infant formula?” (Forster, Johns, Mclachlan, Moorhead, Mcegan, Amir, 2015)
Methods
This study was conducted as a prospective cohort known as the “Mothers and Infants Lactation Cohort” (MILC). A prospective cohort was the best option for this type of study because it allows researchers to follow a similar group of participants over a period of time to determine how specific factors affect rates of a certain outcome. The article examines mothers and babies across a longitudinal time frame from the first 24-48 hours of the baby’s life to approximately 6 months old. The main variable involved in this study was the type of feeding the infant received before recruitment into the study, 24-48 hours postpartum. This was categorized as “fed directly at the breast only” or “received at least some EBM or infant formula.” The recruitment of participants took place in Melbourne, Australia and…

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