Physical Assault Chapter Summary

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Chapter 13 looked at homicide and physical assault. When it comes to the scope of exposure it was stated in the book that “comparing rates of physical assaults across nations is difficult because legal definitions of crime differ. In addition, there is limited access information about physical assaults that are not reported to police. If the legal definition of physical assault differs in two countries or if the proportion of cases reported to police in each country differs, then comparisons based on cases reported to police are likely to be inaccurate. This is less of a problem for criminal homicide, which is legally defined more similarly across jurisdictions.” (The Mental Health Consequences of Torture, Page 196).

The chapter looks at the
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It was stated in the book that “a recent study by Miller, Cohen, and Wiersema attempted to estimate the annual economic cost of crime in the United States. Each homicide was estimated to have an economic cost of $2.94 million. Of this amount, tangible costs were $1.03 million, and intangible costs were $1.91 million. For physical assault, estimated costs were $9, 305 per assault, with $1, 550 constituting tangible costs and $7, 800 being intangible costs.” (The Mental Health Consequences of Torture, Page 203) we also looked at risk factors, “men have higher rates of assault and women and a lifetime risk of homicide that is 3 to 4 times greater than the risk for women. Risk of assault homicide is inversely related to age, with adolescents and young adults having the highest rates. Most studies indicate that African-Americans and Hispanics have higher rates of assault than other racial or ethnic groups in the United States, in African-Americans are approximately 6 times as likely as whites to be homicide victims. Findings are mixed with respect household income is a risk factor. Demographic values are often confounded because young people are generally poorer than older people, most women are more than most men, and the mean income of most African-Americans is less than that of most whites.” (The Mental Health Consequences of Torture, Page

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