Essay Hiv : Hiv And Aids

1319 Words Feb 24th, 2016 6 Pages
HIV
Jennifer Raymond
Kaplan University

HIV

The human immunodeficiency virus is commonly referred to as HIV. HIV is a virus that causes damage or kills the body’s immune system cells (HIV/AIDS, 2016). While it is attacking the immune system, HIV destroys CD4 positive T cells, which is a type of white blood cell that is extremely vital to fighting off infection (Understanding HIV/AIDS). The most advanced stage, or more commonly referred to as the “final stage” of HIV, is AIDS; which stands for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. For AIDS to occur HIV has to be left untreated. When we think of HIV we think of unprotected sex, unsanitary drug use and from mother to child during pregnancy. According to the NIH site the first signs of HIV infection may be “swollen glands and flu-like symptoms. These may come and go a month or two after infection. Severe symptoms may not appear until months or years later” (HIV/AIDS, 2016). Most of the flu-like symptoms include the following: fever, chills, rash, night sweats, muscle aches, sore throat, fatigue, swollen lymph nodes, mouth ulcers (Aids.gov, 2015). However, the site does warn to not jump to conclusions and to get tested if you have come in contact with the virus. Flu-like symptoms can apply to a lot of other illnesses. The virus is unique and unlike other viruses in that once you get this one in your body you have it for life. There is no “shaking it off” or “letting it run its course”. HIV is diagnosed by a blood test or…

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