Essay on Hiv And The Human Immunodeficiency Virus

1381 Words Feb 9th, 2016 null Page
Defining the Problem
One would be hard pressed to find an individual within the United States that was not aware of HIV, or the human immunodeficiency virus. HIV itself is so devastating because it begins to attack he CD4, or T-cells in the body. When this happens, it begins to gradually compromise the individual’s immune system, allowing other infections or health issues to become more of a threat due to their decreased immune system. When the HIV virus has compromised one’s immune system to a significant degree, it is then classified as AIDS, or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS, 2016).
Perhaps less known are the details of HIV/AIDS in the United States. It was in June of 1981 that the first case of HIV was reported to the Center for Disease Control, or CDC, in the United States (MMWR, 2006). Sadly, roughly three decades later there still remains no cure for the virus. In fact, HIV infections continue to increase at a rate greater than treatment itself is being sought (Underhill, Operario, Skeer, Mimiaga, & Mayer, 2010, p. 2). While the “safe and effective” final solution to the virus has not yet been discovered, there are anti-retroviral treatments that can maintain the advanced development of HIV and help prevent its full progression into AIDS in cases where the individual discovers it early enough (HIV/AIDS, 2016).
Prevention of HIV often comes in the form of safe sex practices, regular HIV status tests for those at risk, and recently, the daily use of a…

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