History of Jazz Midterm Essay

2228 Words Oct 14th, 2011 9 Pages
History of Jazz Midterm
Edward Kennedy “Duke” Ellington was an American jazz composer, pianist, and bandleader who has been one of the most influential musicians in jazz. The Duke has released countless albums and songs, but not many know of his triumph as a musical theatre composer. Duke Ellington’s 1941 Jump For Joy was the first theatre show to openly discard the African- American stereotypes which prevailed in the arts at the time. In fact Jump for Joy openly discussed these stereotypes and praised African- American stereotypes. Ellington composed all of the songs in the musical and his own orchestra played during the show in the pit.
The title song “Jump For Joy” uses coded language as a way to inspire social thought. The
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She had a wider range than most opera singers but what made her stand out from everyone was the fact that she could reach such a high note without it even sounding taxing. In Billie Holiday’s rendition of “My Last Affair” and “I Can’t Get Started” she illustrates her horizontal approach to singing. She stays within the same register and like Lester Young she exaggerates the differences between each note by having an extreme level of articulation. Ella on the other hand had a very different style of singing as evidenced by her rendition of “My Last Affair” and “I Can’t Get Started”. Ella shows off the mastery of her voice with her vertical approach to singing. She smoothly flows from note to note even though she is hitting such a wide range.
Both singers were “daughters” of Louis Armstrong’s approach to jazz singing. Armstrong came up with the idea that the vocal jazz singer could have their own personal interpretation of the song, such as in The Blues, and they could scat sing. Both Holiday and Fitzgerald embraced Louis Armstrong’s approach but they each took a specific component of Armstrong’s innovation and elevated it to new heights. In Holiday’ s “Gloomy Sunday” she highlights her ability to add her own personal interpretation to what she was singing. In this case you feel the longing in her voice

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