History Of Emergency Medical Services ( Ems ) Essay

1826 Words Nov 26th, 2016 8 Pages
The history of emergency medical services (EMS) dates to the Civil War era. At which time, all military personnel had to be examined by medical officers to qualify for duty and ambulances with trained attendance were assigned to a regiment based on its size (History of EMS, n.d., p. 1). Following the Civil War, the Anglo-American model of care began to evolve in Cincinnati with its first civilian ambulance in 1865 followed by New York City in 1869, it was during this time and ambulance surgeons made their debut (Tintinalli, Cameron, & Holliman, 2010, p. 24). It wasn’t until 1973 when the Department of Transportation adapted training curricula for what is now known as the EMT, the EMTP and the first responder (History of EMS, n.d., p. 1). The newly designated titles came about because of the “EMS Systems Act” developed by the new administration under the Department of Health, Education and Welfare of 1972. It was during this time a physician played a role in emergency medicine which later became what is known today as the modern-day paramedic (History of EMS, n.d., p. 1).
In the United States, today’s role of the paramedic is defined as “a person trained to manage the emergency care of sick or injured persons during transport to a hospital, including administration of injections and intravenous fluids, reading of electrocardiograms, and performance of defibrillation and other advanced life support measures if ordered by a physician.” (Paramedic, n.d. p. 1). A paramedic,…

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