Historical Development Of Corrections Throughout The United States
7 December 2015
“The thing that is necessary is the triumph of evil that involves men to be good and do nothing (Burke).” These words of Edmund Burke are true as we can see dilemma of crime is solved and punishment. Variances in modern prisons can be found in all countries of the world. On the other hand, in the liberty land, which is United States, it is ironic and here is found on large scale. The country’s prisons are overcrowded and is a challenge.
The United States prison system is facing a lot of challenges currently. Therefore, the historical evolution of this institution has impacted in the system that is holding only solution to crimes which is incapacitation. The detaining of delinquent or dangerous individuals in an environment that is secure will never reform the person ultimately, necessarily prevent future crime to happen. However, this will just prevent more crime on the offender or doing a harmful activity (Rothman & Morris, 1998). Incapacitation is good as it will detain a person on long term sentences.
By 1865, American reformation efforts in prisons was hijacked by “overcrowding, cruelty and corruption (Morris & Rothman, 1998).” Operations in most of the prisons were conducted and this enhanced traditional Auburn plan, single cell occupation allowance and congregated places and areas for meals and work. This was due to…