Historical Conflict Between Police And Minority Groups

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This paper explores the historical conflict between law enforcement and members of minority groups. It reviews literature, that in more recent years has started to explore this issue in order to create reforms and methods to improve relations between the police and members of minority groups. It explores the New York City Stop-and-Frisk program that seems to unproportionally target members of minority groups. Further, when looking at the people 's general perception of law enforcement it becomes apparent that African-American communities are especially suspicious of the police and are very likely to perceive racial bias. Some of the methods that have been suggested in order to improve relations are an increase in community policing or the use …show more content…
Not only do they look at the history of the US and the effects it had on policing and the attitudes people hold even today, but most sources take into account multiple different factors that influence public and police relations. However, more often than not the literature agrees that in the past police treated minority groups with a higher degree of suspicion and would discriminate against them (Smith, 2015; Weitzer, 2015; Weitzer & Tuch, 2005). According to the sources this behaviour is still present in some police forces, that have a policy of stopping minorities more often than whites and treating them overall more harshly in their encounters (Brown, 2013; Weitzer & Tuch, …show more content…
One method that has been researched is the increase in community policing. In a study conducted by Jiao (1998), law enforcement indicated a strong preference for professional policing, especially in areas that were perceived as having a high crime rate and in areas where police perceived that anyone could be the offender. Further, in areas that had high homicide rates and where access to weapons was widespread police officers feel greater tension and hence also preferred professional policing. On the other hand, communities surveyed liked the professional policing approach the least and did not look favorably upon it. Especially minority groups perceived this approach as highly negative. The hypothesis of the author was that this was due to minority groups viewing this approach as ineffective in decreasing racial conflicts. Further, these tactics might be seen as an intrusion and might lead to further dissatisfaction of people who already are viewing the police negatively (Reisig & Parks, 2004). Overall communities prefered community policing and this preference was shared across different factors including social class, age, education level and race. Police officers also supported community policing methods (Jiao,

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