Hills Like White Elephants By Ernest Hemingway Essay

1093 Words Sep 26th, 2016 5 Pages
Ernest Hemingway’s short fiction story, “Hills Like White Elephants,” has a vague, ambiguous plot which can be interpreted in multiple ways. One reader may argue “Hills Like White Elephants” simply consists of a couple having a nice drink and conversation about their surroundings. Another reader could depict the short story as Jig going to Madrid for a chemotherapy “operation.” However, the true underlying plot of “Hills Like White Elephants,” is Jig and the American man having a conflicting conversation about whether or not Jig should have an abortion. To portray the obscure plot of “Hills Like White Elephants,” Hemingway uses the literary element of symbolism by parallelling the symbolic meanings of the setting with the couple’s conflict. Hemingway begins the story by describing the general setting. The setting is a “very hot” desolated landscape in northern Spain with “no shade and no trees” (Hemingway 114). There was also a station “between two lines of rails in the sun” (Hemingway 114). The bleak landscape symbolizes the emptiness of Jig and the American man’s relationship, due to their lack of communication. The hot weather of the landscape also indicates the burning tension between Jig and the American man. The station located between two lines of rails represents the couple’s choices of Jig going through with the abortion operation or Jig keeping the unborn baby. Hemingway first introduces the characters of the story as sitting “at a table in the shade” (114). Jig…

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