Harland Bartholomew's Contribution To The City Planner
Bartholomew felt that planning could not exist without a comprehensive plan (Lovelace, 1993). Specifically, Bartholomew felt that the planning team for the Newark comprehensive plan had been fumbling around in their approach of the plan (Lovelace, 1993). Bartholomew wanted to introduce science into the profession and into comprehensive plans (Lovelace, 1993). He had found the way to introduce this science in the 1920’s with a template report that would serve as the firm’s city comprehensive plan (Johnston, 1973). The Bartholomew comprehensive plan involved six components that would create an attractive and efficient city (Johnston, 1973). These components included streets, transit, transportation, public recreation, zoning, and civic art (Johnston, 1973). These components would be further developed by using a systematic approach that involved surveying existing conditions, estimating future needs, articulating what planning standards and principles will be used, and finally the development of specific proposals (Macdonald, 2008). This system allowed the firm to apply Bartholomew’s science to each community (Lovelace, 1993). Eldridge Lovelace, employee and author of Harland Bartholomew: His Contributions to American Urban Planning, believed that it was this systematic approach that established Bartholomew as an authority in the planning profession. Lovelace states that: “The application of an orderly and logical system or science to the preparation of the comprehensive plan was Harland Bartholomew’s first and greatest contribution to city planning” (Lovelace, 1993, pg.