Harland Bartholomew's Contribution To The City Planner

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Harland Bartholomew name might be not as widely known as Ebenezer Howard, Jane Jacobs, or Robert Moses, but it can be argued that he is just as important to how city planners are impacted today through his theories and methods. Bartholomew was a city planner that lived from 1889 to 1989 (Lovelace, 1993). He was one of the original municipal planners and has influenced city planning profession from 1914 to present day. Bartholomew’s influence and notability in city planning has three distinct areas (Lovelace, 1993). These three areas include the education of planning professionals, civil service at both the city and national level, and his private practice and advancement of a systematic comprehensive plan (Lovelace, 1993). These three areas …show more content…
Bartholomew felt that planning could not exist without a comprehensive plan (Lovelace, 1993). Specifically, Bartholomew felt that the planning team for the Newark comprehensive plan had been fumbling around in their approach of the plan (Lovelace, 1993). Bartholomew wanted to introduce science into the profession and into comprehensive plans (Lovelace, 1993). He had found the way to introduce this science in the 1920’s with a template report that would serve as the firm’s city comprehensive plan (Johnston, 1973). The Bartholomew comprehensive plan involved six components that would create an attractive and efficient city (Johnston, 1973). These components included streets, transit, transportation, public recreation, zoning, and civic art (Johnston, 1973). These components would be further developed by using a systematic approach that involved surveying existing conditions, estimating future needs, articulating what planning standards and principles will be used, and finally the development of specific proposals (Macdonald, 2008). This system allowed the firm to apply Bartholomew’s science to each community (Lovelace, 1993). Eldridge Lovelace, employee and author of Harland Bartholomew: His Contributions to American Urban Planning, believed that it was this systematic approach that established Bartholomew as an authority in the planning profession. Lovelace states that: “The application of an orderly and logical system or science to the preparation of the comprehensive plan was Harland Bartholomew’s first and greatest contribution to city planning” (Lovelace, 1993, pg.

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