Gulf Oil Spill Essay examples

1405 Words Apr 1st, 2014 6 Pages
GULF OIL SPILL

On April 20, 2010, we can all remember the vivid images when the news reported an explosion of an oil rig that killed 11 workers. The company responsible was British Petroleum, which owned the Deepwater Horizon drilling unit. The event was in the news continually, because it was regarded as the worst environmental disaster in the history of the United States. It took 85 days to cap the well. This catastrophe killed wildlife and threatened the livelihoods of fishermen, restaurants, and oil industry workers resulting in massive job losses.
According to Wikipedia, an oil spill is the release of a liquid petroleum hydrocarbon into the environment, especially marine areas, due to human activity, and is a form of
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Florida was affected because tourism is the biggest industry that brings in about $60 billion in revenue from more than 80 million visitors a year. Bookings to destinations on Florida’s West Coast declined around 15 percent after the spill, according to a spokeswoman for Expedia.com. Many travelers decided to avoid the area because they thought the beaches would be closed. Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama were declared a fishery disaster. The oil spill derailed a slew of businesses along the Gulf Coast from fishermen to marinas to restaurants and hotels. Many fisheries were shut down because consumers were afraid to eat seafood from the Gulf. As a result of the oil spill, 17,000 jobs would be lost in the Gulf States. BP created short-term jobs for fishermen to assist with the clean-up and offset financial losses to many people who lost work or income due to the spill.
Louisiana, the nearest state to BP’s oil spill was most impacted because of their dependency on the seafood industry. Louisiana is one of the largest seafood producers nationwide and the top provider of shrimp, oysters, crab and crawfish. The oil spill caused Louisiana to lose 50 percent of its seafood production. Louisiana’s $2.4 billion seafood industry supplies up to 40 percent of U.S. seafood supply and employs over 27,000 people. Alabama losses were contributed to the damages to natural resources, economic and

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