Negative Effects Of Offshore Oil Drilling

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Not Worth the Negative Environmental Effects Offshore oil drilling should not be carried on because it is too much of an environmental risk based on its’ harmful effect on marine ecosystems, climate, and coastal communities. First, offshore oil drilling should be stopped because it is a hazard to marine ecosystems. For example, “As of August 31, 2010, the Deepwater Horizon spill had killed 81 marine mammals, 5, 401 birds, and 553 sea turtles” (Mooney, 46). Oil spills kill thousands of birds and fish. The integrity of the ocean water is depleted. Not only do oil spills affect marine ecosystems, but seismic testing is harmful to any marine mammal dependent on sound. Seismic testing shoots sound waves that can go through ocean depths and 500 …show more content…
As more and more fossil fuels are burned, gasses and oils are being released into the air (Crawford et. al.71) . The U.S. Department of Energy explains how, “the rise in greenhouse gas emissions from fossil fuel combustion […] has aroused international concern about the impacts of these emissions on climate. Greenhouse gases—mostly carbon dioxide, but also some methane, nitrous oxide, and other trace gases — are emitted to the atmosphere, enhancing an effect in which heat reflected from the earth’s surface is kept from escaping into space, as in a greenhouse” (Crawford et al. 71). Offshore oil drilling leads to more fossil fuels being burned and in return more heat reflected back to the Earth. This “green house effect” ultimately leads to things such as, “sea level rise, global temperature, and ocean acidification” (Hart, 26). All of these consequences ultimately conceive a net warming of the climate, otherwise known as global warming. “At current rates of erosion, the Gulf of Mexico shoreline could be more than 31 miles farther inland by 2040” (Mooney, 43). These repercussions from offshore oil drilling question whether it is really worth the environmental impact on climates for not only people today, but also future generations. Offshore oil drilling may be a fast and efficient way to get energy now, but future generations will have to live with the fallouts and side …show more content…
For example, “when oil spills, every person who makes a living from the ocean feels the effects. Fishers, shrimpers, and dockworkers sit idle when ocean waters are too contaminated to catch edible seafood. Oil-marred beaches disrupt the tourism industry, slowing business for hotels, restaurants, and shops” (Mooney, 36). Not only are these rigs dangerous to the workers on them, but also to the homes, businesses and tourists living along United State’s coasts. In a survey conducted on December 4th, 2015 the 25 people surveyed knew a total of 54 people working either in a fishing industry or at a shop or business along an American coast. This averages to at least two people that would be affected by offshore oil drilling for each person surveyed, meaning the negative environmental impact offshore oil drilling has is personal. Everyone on the coast is affected by oil spills. Ending or continuing offshore oil drilling is a federal concern, but in reality it is the homes and families along the coast that are affected by the

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