Group Dynamics And Group Stages Essay
In 1965, Bruce Tuckman developed one of the most influential models of “the developmental stages in a small group” (Bonebright, 2010, p. 111). It is a four stage model in which each stage needed to be completed in order to reach optimum group functioning. These stages were dubbed “forming”, “storming”, “norming”, “performing”. Later in 1977, he and Mary Ann Conover Jensen added “adjourning” as a fifth stage in his model (Bonebright, 2010). I used these five stages to break down the group dynamics of the characters in the movie Twelve Angry Men (1957).
The ﬁrst stage of the model is forming. In this stage, the group is given a task, sets rules for the group, and tests the limitations for relational and behaviors while completing the task (Bonebright, 2010). “Forming is a process that involves several steps” (Gladding, 2012, p. 85). While some of these steps can occur together, no steps may be omitted if the group is to be successful. During this time, group members institute relationships, group leaders arise, and structural values are identified. In this movie, a jury of twelve men has the duty of deciding whether a young, Puerto Rican man is guilty of murdering his father. The steps in the forming stage are developing a rational for the group, deciding on a theoretical format, weighing practical considerations, publicizing the group, screening and pretraining, selecting group members, and…