Gke1 Task 2 Essay

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GKE1 Task 2

Miranda Stewart
Western Governors University

A) Martin Luther was born in Eisleben, Saxony, now Germany, in 1483 and died in 1546. (Martin Luther and the 95 Theses. 2013) During his 63 years of life he set in motion many changes that would take place in the world. His two most significant changes were his key role in the Protestant Revolution and the translation of the Bible into German, which later was translated into English, thus making it available for all to read. Luther was originally attending school at the University of Erfurt and training to become a lawyer when he was caught in a severe thunderstorm and, after nearly being struck by lightning, pledged that he would become a monk if he survived. Survive
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Eventually, Luther became so bold as to call the Pope of the time the “Antichrist” which eventually led Luther’s excommunication from the Catholic Church in 1521. (Martin Luther and the 95 Theses. 2013) The Protestant Revolution led way for many different Christian religions as it branched throughout Europe. People such as John Calvin and King Henry VIII continued molding and changing the idea of Christianity and breaking off from the Catholic Church until it no longer wielded as much power over Europe as it once did. Luther’s translation of the New Testament into German in 1522, with the Old Testament following shortly after in 1534 (Martin Luther, n.d.) led to the Bible being available for reading by anyone who possessed that skill. This was a very large change from earlier when only the priests and those higher in the Catholic Church could read it and pass on what they wanted their congregations to hear. This changed the course of history by putting the Bible into the individual’s hands and letting them interpret what it said. Luther learned through his studies of the Bible and believed that it was intended “as a lamp to the believer’s path” (Wilson, 2007) and that as many people should have access to read it for themselves and that the individual should be able to choose their own path to salvation. The individual was given the power that previously resided with only those in power in the

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