Genetic Engineering In Society

1394 Words 6 Pages
A gene is the fundamental unit of heredity. Genes determine the genotype and phenotype of living entities. Compared to the past, genetic research has advanced a great deal. For many centuries, it was believed that God had created the human species; however, due to the researches and experiments done by scientists like Hippocrates, Aristotle, Charles Darwin, Gregor Mendel… it is now accepted that the true force behind evolution, is the adaptation of the genetic code to the environment. As the research in eugenics advances, researchers discover an array of different possible applications such as: germ-line genetic alterations, gene therapy, and genetic enhancements. These are examples of genetic engineering. Scientists say that someday, parents …show more content…
There are three ways to classify society, which are: the rich, the middle-class, and the poor. The possibility of changing a child’s genetic make-up is not as simple as going back to a store and exchanging a defective product. This technology requires a lot material and the work of a lot of professional people who know what they are doing, but this procedure will be expensive to afford by the middle-class workers. Genetic engineering will only be available for people who possess the financial means, in other words the high-income earners. For this to be only available to the individuals that are well off, it raises questions about fairness and equality of opportunity between the three different social classes (Degrazia, Mappes and Brand-Ballard 619). The children of the upper class do not only have the advantages that come with their parents’ wealth and power, but also the guarantee that their genetic make-up is better than the lower class people (Degrazia, Mappes and Brand-Ballard 619). This will lead to inequalities in the workplace, where the genetically engineered people will excel and get promotions, while the non-genetically engineered people will have no chance in competing with them because they do not possess the genes to do so. As the genetically engineered children do better in society than the non-genetically engineered children, they will start …show more content…
If this process is not carefully done, then it can end up killing the zygote. Additionally, they should also know that “scientists believe that many human genes are pleiotropic, which means that they affect more than one trait. Altering a pleiotropic gene could have unintended effects on later-born children” (Dresser 3). In other words, genes have more than one specific function and modifying a characteristic on a certain gene will also modify another. Moreover, the immune system of the Human body has a tendency to reject anything and everything that is unknown, for instance “like a virus carrying a corrective gene into a diseased cell” (Roleff 188). Genetically engineering a child also has the possibility of affecting the genes of the genetically modified child’s descendants because the genes are inheritable. Since a child receives 23 chromosomes from his mother and 23 chromosomes from his father, for a total of 46 chromosomes, the offspring of the genetically modified children will inherit the modified

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