Essay on Gender Inequality Within World Health Organization

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The terms sex and gender are often used as interchangeable terms, but this is inaccurate. According to the World Health Organization, “Sex refers to the biological and physiological characteristics that define men and women. Gender refers to the socially constructed roles, behaviours, activities, and attributes that a given society considers appropriate for men and women” (World Health Organization 2015). Although we are naturally given a sex based on our DNA, society determines our gender as we grow up. This can lead to someone’s gender identity or gender expression not matching their assigned sex, which is referred to as being transgender. This essay will show that the practice of transgenderism proves that gender is a socially constructed term to describe how men and women should behave to ensure male dominance and female subordination.
Society is split between two different sexes, male and female. Although the only differences between the sexes are biological, society has determined rules on how the two should behave, creating gender. Ideologies of gender teach how appropriate behaviour that is expected and rewarded, creating society norms and punishment for not following this behavior (Dunphy 2000, p. 80). The male gender is associated with masculinity and the female gender is associated with being femininity. Being masculine means that one engages in a more dominant, competitive, and autonomous manner (Ashmore, Del Boca, and Wohlers 1986). This can mean being…

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