Nature Vs Nurture Gender Vs Gender

1300 Words 6 Pages
In regards to gender, the “nature versus nurture” debate refers the opposition between a biologically-based conception and one grounded in social psychology. On the “nature” side, gender is a matter of a person 's physiological makeup. There are varying accounts of what body parts specifically are indicative of gender, with gonads, chromosomes, and reproductive organs being among the contenders for criterion of gender. Regardless, on this view gender and sex are correlated, and “male” and “female” are the only existing categories. Those individuals born with the appropriate “male” physiology are men, and those with the corresponding correct “female” anatomy are women. At the roots of this perspective are positivist assumptions that science and empirical evidence are what determines both sex and gender, as well as that sex and gender are universally found to be correlated and binary. This implies that any differences found between men and women are the result of essentially different “natures” that they possess, and that …show more content…
The concept of “gender roles,” however, contains the assumption that there is such thing as a “pre-social” person. This would mean that there is first an individual, and that it is only after birth that they are subjected to social and cultural influences. In this way, the “nuture” side bears resemblance to the “nature” side in that it implies that difference between men and women is the result of a natural process, or that there is something fundamentally different about men and women such that they are consistently socialized to adopt the acceptable “gender role.” This, like a biological reductionist view, relies on there being two genders which correspond to their respective sex (Thomas, May

Related Documents